In southwest Henan, the mountain city of Pingdingshan is home to 4.7 million residents. A continental monsoon area, Pingdingshan's medium latitudes offer distinct seasons with abundant rainfall and a lengthy snow-free period. With these environmental advantages, this "Flat Peak Mountain's" 7,882 square kilometers include extensive farm and forest areas."
Pingdingshan's long history dates back to approximately 4000 BC. Important artifacts from the Neolithic Age are found here including relics from the Peiligang, Yangshao and Longshan Cultures. Recorded in the Chinese classics Zuozhuan, Shijing (Book of Poems) and Shiji (Historical Records), Pingdingshan was a Ying territory during the Shang and Zhou dynasties, beginning in 1324 BC. Numerous outstanding historical figures also have connections to this region, from powerful statesmen to revered poets. Among these ancient notables are Confucius, Li Bai, Han Yu and Su Dongpo.
There are many scenic sites in Pingdingshan, including the Fodushan Scenic Area, the Shirenshan Scenic Area, the famed Ruzhou Hot-Springs and the Shimantan National Forest Park. The latter is known as an exquisite natural combination of mountains, forests and lakes. A particularly important cultural site is the Tomb of Su Xun and his two sons, Su Shi and Su Zhe. These three are among the eight eminent literati in the Tang and Song dynasties.