At the intersection of four provinces, Shangqiu borders the Yellow River to the north and the Jianghuai Plains to the South. Known as "the Eastern Gateway of Henan," this commercial hub links eastern and western China and is regarded as one of the "Cradles of Chinese Civilization." As legend has it, Shangqiu and its denizens originated the practice of commerce and trade during the Five Lords Period of the 25th century BC. Hence the Chinese term for businessman is "shang ren," which literally translated means "person from Shang." Shangqiu is also known as the birthplace of fire. It is believed that 10,000 years ago, Suiren discovered how to make fire here, ushering in a new era of human history.
In terms of historical interests, Shangqiu abounds with several sites, perhaps most prominently the Temple of Hua Mulan. This memorial was built to honor the Wei Dynasty heroine and her storied 12-year military campaign.
Among Shangqiu's other important sites is the Shangqiu Ancient Town. Built in 1511 AD, this state protected historic site is among the most well preserved ancient towns in China. Also, on Mt Mang, the Han Tomb Group is another worthwhile point of interest. This mausoleum houses the remains of Han Dynasty luminaries and is especially renowned for its beautiful relics unearthed during excavation. Among these great discoveries is the exquisite jade and gold suit, which has been on display in Singapore and the United States.