Two and a half kilometers northwest of Huixian City, the Baiquan Scenic Area is composed of Sumen Mountain and Baiquan Lake. Reflected, one in the other, these two spectacular sights combine to make this Scenic Area a delight for visitors. Baiquan Lake, "The Lake of 100 Springs," is situated at the foot of Sumen Mountain. The springs here are known as the "Pearl Springs" because, from the Lake's depths, springs bubble up like beads of pearls. Covering an area of 34,000 square meters, the clean waters of the lake abound with life in every season.
Divided by bridge, Baiquan Lake is actually two lakes: the North Lake and the South Lake. Local sayings reveal the character of each, noting: "The North Lake for sight-seeing, the South Lake for amusement" and "quiet in the North Lake, bustling in the South." Together the two lakes compliment each other like twin lotus flowers on a single stalk. Historically, the Lake was first excavated 3,000 years ago during the Shang Dynasty. Subsequently, under the reign of Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong, a bank was built in order to prevent its drainage. This large-scale project reshaped the Lake into its rectangular form.
Sharing the picturesque lakeshore with the old pines and cypresses, several pavilions mark the region's historic and cultural relevance. Among them is the beloved Yongjin Pavilion. This Pavilion houses the steles of Su Shi, a famous Southern Song Dynasty poet. Other important steles include "People's Baiquan" by the General Feng Yuxiang, which stands in the Huxin Pavilion.
Baiquan Lake's lovely neighbor, Sumen Mountain reaches a modest elevation peak of 184 meters. But, despite this peak's humble heights, Sumen Mountain holds great natural and cultural allure. The mountain's historic relevance is found in the many relics left by poets, litterateurs and statesmen of antiquity. Among these historical figures are Shao Yong, the author of The Book of Changes and Sun Qifeng, the distinguished Qing Dynasty Confucian scholar. The Scenic Area's beautiful scenery has always attracted luminaries seeking retreat, replenishment and inspiration here.
Presently, the Baiquan Scenic Area houses over 350 steles and 8 cultural relics under provincial or national protection and 45 cultural relics under the protection of Xinxiang City and many more antiquities under general protection. Regarded as "the Summer Palace of the Central Plains," the Scenic Area is comprised of over 90 ancient buildings representing the complimentary architecture of the delicate south and the majestic north. During festivals, the Scenic Area hosts folk revival activities such as lantern fairs and fireworks, which always attract numerous visitors.