Spring And Autumn Tower

The legendary Three Kingdoms warlord, Cao Cao, defeated his rival, Liu Bei, at the battle of Xiapi. Liu Bei's wives and brother, Guan Yu, were taken captive there. Yet, despite their engagement as combatants on the battlefield, Cao Cao admired Guan Yu's character and ability. This admiration compelled him to bestow Guan Yu the title of General and grant him a mansion as his residence. Guan Yu, ever honorable, divided the mansion into two yards, insisting that the two ladies lived in the inner yard while he himself inhabited the outer yard. It was in the tower of that outer yard where Guan Yu read the Book of Spring and Autumn at night, thus its moniker, the Spring and Autumn Tower.

Showcasing features of Ming and Qing architecture, the Tower is situated in the central part of Wenmiao Road. Though constructed in 1271 AD, during the Yuan Dynasty, the Tower underwent many renovations during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The current configuration includes several points of interest. The Outer Yard features the Gate, the Tower of Spring and Autumn, the Hall of Saint Guan, and the Tower of Sword and Seal. Meanwhile, the Inner Yard houses garden-styled buildings, most notably the residences of Liu Bei's wives: Lady Gan and Lady Mi. The Inner Yard also contains the Pavilion of Wen'an and the Hall of Gua Yin Feng Jin. The premises also include the Hall of Dacheng, the Gate of Halberd, and the East-West Corridor in the Wen Miao Yard.

The recently constructed Hall of Saint Guan features a width of 7 rooms and a depth of 3 rooms. Its total height reaches over 33 meters, and it has 3 layers of eaves. The roof is decorated with glazed yellow tiles, and the railing is constructed of white marble. The hall houses a 13-meter tall statue of Guan Yu in a rarely seen depiction the general flanked by his son and several followers.