During the Qing Dynasty, the rich and powerful Kang family amassed great wealth and power in the Kangdian town of Gongyi. As a testament to their affluence, the Kang family established a feudal castle to house their generations for over 400 years. This massive complex continued to grow over time to eventually cover 64,300 square meters of land, stretching into the Mongshan Mountain and facing the splendid Luoshui River, the Manor's construction and location provided both natural beauty and strategic protection. The current moniker "Manor of Millionaire Kang" was so named by Ci Xi, the early 20th century Empress Dowager, who was so impressed by the Kang Manor that she called them "Kangbaiwan," which means Millionaire Kang. The name proved fitting as a descriptor of the Manor's great beauty, strength and influence.
Modern day visitors will find the Manor of Millionaire Kang exceptionally well kept and delightfully intriguing. Touring these immense grounds can be a nearly inexhaustible endeavor as the Manor's rich tapestry of courtyards, cave dwellings, living quarters and other facilities virtually represent a self-enclosed city. In total, the Manor's complex includes: 9 architectural complexes, 31 courtyards, 73 cave-dwellings and 310 living quarters including storehouses, workshops, ancestral memorials, livestock areas. The 31 independent yet interconnected courtyards show many typical Northern Chinese architectural characteristics. Meanwhile, building construction on the Mongshan Mountain feature varied architectural forms, including the naturalistic loess plateau dwellings and the interconnected tile houses. Decorated in varied styles and traditions, the quadrangle tile houses connect to each other through narrow and winding pathways, stretching from the foot of the mountain to its peaks.