Chaya Mountain

Chaya Mountain lies to the south of Zhumadian city, 300 kilometers away from Wuhan and 180 kilometers from Zhengzhou. But this distance has been remarkably shortened by modern transportation, which makes Chaya's beautiful natural and historical resources accessible to visitors. Along the mountain range, age-old trees surround the rocky peaks and deep caves. While at the foot, streams flow reflectively into lakes. This natural fairyland features over 200 scenic spots, including numerous peaks, stones, pavilions and caves.

Found in the transition between northern and southern latitudes, Chaya enjoys agreeable climates and abundant resources. Each season is a splendor of beauty. Spring features singing birds and fragrant flowers; summer's shaded woodlands rest amidst the clinking sounds of flowing water; autumn is ablaze with the fiery turning of maple leaves; and winter dons its splendid white cloak of snow.

Owing to its location in Central China and its difficult access, Chaya Mountain has served a strategic role since ancient times. As such, several historical remnants have been found and memorialized here. One is the Tomb of Emperor Wu. This Spring and Autumn Period emperor is said to have died in Chaya during his kingdom's war with the Chu State. Over 1,000 years later, famed Tang Dynasty calligrapher, Yan Zhenqing, left his work here. Hundreds of years after that, Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty frequented the Chaya's Qianlong Valley and Qianlong Cave. Also of note, the mountain has served as a staging area for resistance heroes. Here Liu Shaoqi, Yang Jingyu, Fang Wenlan once stood against Japanese invaders.

Places of historic interests are dotted everywhere in the region. While nearly too many to list, some other tributes to history include the Huang Chao Cave of the Tang Dynasty and the Shuntian Palace of Li Zicheng. Among others: the Bao Gong Temple, Jade Emperor Temple, Guan Yue Temple, Wulong Temple and Bagua Pavilion show the cultural heritage of Chaya Mountain.